I often read blog posts saying Jesus copied Pagan gods like Horus and Mithras.
The bottom line is that the similarities between those “myths” and Jesus are often trivial.
Many atheists, neo-pagans, and other skeptics of Christianity maintain the story of Jesus Christ was borrowed from previous mythologies.
Is Jesus Based on the Ancient Egyptian god Horus?
These are the arguments of these who oppose Christianity:
* Horus was born of the virgin Isis inside a cave on December 25.
* A star in the east announced his birth. He was visited by 3 wise men.
* He had a human father named Seb which means Joseph.
* He was baptized by Anup the Baptist.
* He had 12 disciples.
* He performed miracles like walking on water.
* He raised El-Osiris from the dead.
* He gave a sermon on the mountain.
* He was crucified between two thieves.
* He was buried for three days and resurrected.
* He was called various names like the Anointed One, the way, the truth and light, messiah, and son of man.
Their arguments are a big lie!
The mother of Horus is Isis who is not a real virgin. Isis is married to the father of Horus, Osiris. The Egyptologists do not claim this. There is no historical evidence showing Horus was born in a cave.
Sir James George Frazer, Scottish social anthropologist influential during initial stages of modern studies of mythology and comparative religion explained that “Horus was born in a swamp.”
There is no evidence that “A star in the east announced his birth and 3 wise men visited him.”
The Book, traditional festivals a multicultural encyclopedia in Page 223 pointed out Horus was born in November.
Seb became the earthly father of Horus.
Seb was the Egyptian earth god. There is no linguistic connection to Joseph.
No Egyptian scholar ever heard about Anup the baptizer.
There is no such character as Anup the Baptizer in ancient Egyptian folklore. This is the fabrication of 19th-century English poet and amateur Egyptologist, Gerald Massey. He wrote several books on the subject of Egyptology. Professional Egyptologists ignored his work. His writing is ignored in archaeological circles which is difficult to verify in respectable modern publications. Horus was not “baptized.” There is a tale that Horus was torn to pieces by a crocodile god.
Horus does not have 12 disciples. According to accounts, Horus has 4 followers (The Gods of Egypt, Page 61).
In different Horus myths, there were allegedly four “Sons of Horus,” (six semi-gods) who followed him. At times, he had several human followers but there were no 12 disciples. It was only Massey who said there were 12 by referencing the mural with no Horus on it.
There is no evidence Horus walked on top of water. It was not true that Horus raised Osiris from the dead. This is based on the book Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt, Page 233.
“He stayed in the underworld to serve as god of the dead.” There’s no proof he gave a sermon on the mount. There’s also no proof he was crucified between two thieves and resurrected like Jesus Christ.
We have big evidence from extra-biblical sources that the Romans during the time of Christ used crucifixion as form of capital punishment. There are actual eyewitness accounts in the Bible of Jesus crucifixion. There is no historical evidence suggesting ancient Egyptians used this punishment. There is no report of Horus buried for three days.
He was never called the Anointed One, the way, the truth and light, messiah and son of man. Horus is not a “savior” at all. He never died for anyone.
Is Jesus Simply a Copy Cat of Mithras?
There is no proof Mithraism looked like Christianity. It may have been adopted from the Church instead of the other way around because the Church predated Mithraism, according to epigraphic evidence. Essentially, Mithraism remains a pagan form of worship based on superstitious beliefs worldwide. It does not show he was a great teacher with 12 disciples.
Mithras was crucified and he was dead for three days and resurrected?
In Mithraism, Mithras never dies. There is no historical mention of crucifixion, burial or resurrection in any artwork or text.
We can present historical evidence and manuscripts that Jesus existed.
Tacitus described the great fire that swept through Rome in AD64 and mentioned Nero blamed it on Christians.
“To dispel the rumor, Nero substituted as culprits and treated with most extreme punishments, some people popularly known as Christians whose disgraceful lives (he claimed) were notorious. The source of their name, Christus, has been executed when Tiberius was emperor by order of the procurator Pontius Pilate. (Annals 15:44)”
Lucian talks about Christ in his attack on Christianity. He reported accurately facts about 2nd Century Christianity. He knows Christians worshiped a god who was a man and was crucified in Palestine. (Page 60, Jesus outside the New Testament: An Introduction to the Ancient Evidence)
The oldest copy of our New Testament manuscript (P52) proves there was a Pontius Pilate and Jesus who was brought before him for judgment.
Here is what Papyrus 52 contains:
ΟΙ ΙΟΥΔΑΙΟΙ ΗΜΕIΝ ΟΥΚ ΕΞΕΣΤΙΝ ΑΠΟΚΤΕΙΝΑΙ
OYΔΕΝΑ ΙΝΑ Ο ΛΟΓΟΣ ΤΟΥ ΙΗΣΟΥ ΠΛΗΡΩΘΗ ΟΝ ΕΙ-
ΠΕΝ ΣHΜΑΙΝΩΝ ΠΟΙΩ ΘΑΝΑΤΩ ΗΜΕΛΛΕΝ ΑΠΟ-
ΘΝHΣΚΕΙΝ ΙΣΗΛΘΕΝ ΟΥΝ ΠΑΛΙΝ ΕΙΣ ΤΟ ΠΡΑΙΤΩ-
ΡΙΟΝ Ο ΠIΛΑΤΟΣ ΚΑΙ ΕΦΩΝΗΣΕΝ ΤΟΝ ΙΗΣΟΥΝ
ΚΑΙ ΕΙΠΕΝ ΑΥΤΩ ΣΥ ΕΙ O ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ ΤΩΝ ΙΟΥ-
This is what is written in English.
the Jews, “For us it is not permitted to kill anyone,” so that the word of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spoke signifying what kind of death he was going to
die. Entered therefore again into the Praeto- rium Pilate and summoned Jesus
and said to him, “Thou art king of the
Mithras did not resurrect bodily. One myth revealed he was taken to paradise in a chariot alive after finishing his earthly mission. No early writings exist regarding the cult of Mithras. Most of this is based on artwork (as opposed to Jesus Christ with thousands of ancient manuscripts describing His life, death and resurrection extensively). According to historians, Mithras was born from a rock, not from a virgin or person.
There are HUGE differences that are extremely important. No one else dies for the sins of the world and then resurrects to defeat death.
1.) Jesus outside the New Testament: An Introduction to the Ancient Evidence
2.) Annals 15:44
3.) The New Testament in Antiquity
4.) Traditional Festivals: A Multicultural Encyclopedia
5.) Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt